At Rainford CE, we believe that Geography helps to provoke and answer questions about the natural and human worlds, encouraging children to build knowledge and understanding of their world and their place in it. It helps to develop a range of investigative and problem-solving skills that are transferable to other curriculum areas and which can be used to promote children’s spiritual, moral, social and cultural development.

When our pupils study the characteristics of our natural world, they build on their knowledge and understanding of geographical formations and features while nurturing their appreciation for God’s creation through awe and wonder.


Geography is, by nature, an investigative subject, which develops an understanding of concepts, knowledge and skills. We seek to inspire in children a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people which will remain with them for the rest of their lives; to promote children’s interest and understanding about diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments, together with a deep understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes.


In Key Stage 1, children will develop their knowledge about the United Kingdom and their own locality. They will learn how to use maps, atlases and globes as well as learning simple compass directions. The children will also study seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and look at the hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the equator and the North and South Poles.


In Key Stage 2, pupils will extend their knowledge to beyond their local area and will study Europe as well as North and South America. They will begin to look at similarities and differences of human geography such as types of settlement and land use. They will also study physical geography elements such as climate zones, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes. Children will continue to use maps, atlases and globes and will use the 8 points of the compass in their work. They will start to consider the use of four and six figure grid references and ordinance survey maps.


By revisiting these areas of learning regularly and building geographical skills through classroom work and fieldwork, pupils will remember more, know more and understand more. As pupils make progress, their growing knowledge about the world should help them to deepen their understanding of the interaction between physical and human processes, and of the formation and use of landscapes and environments.

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